Showing posts with label English. Show all posts
Showing posts with label English. Show all posts

Aug 5, 2012

Hurried trip to avoid a Bad star - M. Lilla and C. Bishop Barry

American geographers M. Lilla and C. Bishop Barry in their essay Hurried trip to avoid a Bad Star present an exploration of Karnali zone of western Nepal on foot for 15 months. This essay was published as a visit report in The National Geographic as Karnali, The road less World of Western Nepal in 1971. The writers in this essay describe the life account of Karnali zone people, their daily life, their tradition and culture, their lack of awareness about environmental preservation and Karnali zone’s economic dependency with the plain region of south Nepal.

Hansel and Gretel - Grimm Brothers and Others

A poor woodcutter used to live with his second wife and two children called Hansel and Gretel. Once, when the country was in famine father was really in trouble to maintain the family. But his wife was not worried even a little about the children. She rather insisted her husband to desert them into the dense forest. The woodcutter did not like the idea but he had to accept his wife’s proposal.
The children overheard their parents and Hansel collected jacket full of shiny pebbles. The next morning, he dropped the pebbles on the way while going to the forest. When they reached the middle of the forest, the parents collected firewood, kindled fire and left the children promising to return soon with firewood.
The children soon fell asleep. When they woke up, it was already dark. Gretel began to cry and Hansel consoled her.
As the moon shone in the sky, they saw the pebbles shining brightly. Following the trail of pebbles they finally reached their home.

The Boarding House - James Joyce

James Joyce in the story The Boarding House recollects his own days of youth in Dublin by drawing the characters of Mr. Doran and Mrs. Mooney.
Mrs. Mooney was a butcher’s daughter who married to the foreman of his father’s meat shop. After the death of her father, her husband started drinking alcohol and spending monkey from the shop. He started quarrelling with Mrs. Mooney in the presence of customers and soon ruined the business by selling bad meat. Once her husband chased her with large knife in order to kill her and she had to protect herself by hiding in neighbours house. After that incident, Mrs. Mooney left her husband, sold the meat shop and started a boarding house.

Aug 2, 2012

The Gardener - Rudyard Kipling

"The Gardener" is the story to be read in between lines. It was written by Rudyard Kipling. It well-written story with such a great craftsmanship and surprise ending that the readers find it necessary to go through the second reading and make readjustment in the relation between one and the other character. In other words, the end of the story acts as a switchback to the beginning of the story for the re-reading.

The story deals with the life of Michael who is said to have been the child of unmarried couple George Turell, an inspector of Indian police and the daughter of a retired non-commissioned officer. It is said that George Turell died of a fall from a horse in India a few weeks before Michael was born. After that, as admitted by George’s sister Miss Helen Turell, who had been to south of France for her lung trouble took the charge of the child.

Aug 1, 2012

On The vanity of earthly greatness - Arthur Guiterman

"On the Vanity of Earthly Greatness" is a modern poem written by an American poet Arthur Guiterman. It is a flawless poem, which shows the remorselessness of time and the vanity of human greatness.

Through this poem, the poet announces his philosophy of life or outlook that all those entities that symbolize earthly grandeur, greatness and power such as the tusks of mastodons, the sword of Charlemagne the Just, the grizzly bear, great Caesar etc. will be reduced in course of time into things of non-entity.

The Six Million Dollar Man - Harold J. Morowitz

Harold J Morowitz in his essay “The Six Million Dollar Man” examines the value of chemicals present in human body and arrives at a conclusion that human body is indeed invaluable.

Once the writer received a birthday greetings card where it was written that the material value of human body was worth only 97 cents. Being a scientist himself, the writer becomes curious and decided to examine the statement with the help of catalogues given to him by biochemical companies. He calculated various human body chemicals ranging from three dollars to 17 crore 50 lakh dollar per gram and discovered that the average value of human body chemical was $245.54 per gram. Further calculation brought the value of human body chemicals over six million dollar. On discovering this fact that he was a six million dollar man, the writer felt a great up graduation in his ego. Being a scientist, the writer calculated the human body chemicals in the highest informational and purified form whereas in the 97 cents figure printed on the birthday card, the calculation was done in the poorest informational state and for unpurified block of chemicals only.


Jul 31, 2012

Malini - Rabindranath Tagore

Rabindranath Tagore in his poetic play “Malini” presents a story of love and hatred. The play deals with a conflict between love and hatred as well as selfish way of thinking and broadmindedness. It is based on the concept that love in its absolute and pure form is all radiance, all pervading, and all compassionate. The play also shows that petty selfishness assumes the name of love and rules the world with hatred.


Malini, the princess of a Hindu kingdom had her education with Buddhist monks and started preaching their principles in the kingdom. Because of her preaching of new religion, the majority of Hindu Brahmins was agitated and started demanding Malini’s banishment from the place. Realizing the suffering of the people, Malini herself wanted to be banished from the palace in order to solve their problems. A group of Brahmins led by Kemankar started demanding Malini’s banishment appearing in front of the palace.

Oops! What’s That Again - Roger Rosenblatt

Roger Rosenblatt in his essay “Oops! What’s that Again” classifies the mistakes people make while speaking in humourous tone with remarkable examples. He also describes the reasons of these mistakes from linguistic and psychological point of view.

Broadly, the writer classifies verbal mistakes into four categories as under:

Jul 30, 2012

Keeping Things Whole - Mark Strand

Mark Strand in his poem “Keeping things Whole” expresses that human beings always disturb the nature whereas nature always makes a balance to keep itself intact. The poet appeals for wholeness of nature against its usual fragmentation while performing daily activities in our life.

The poet says that while in the field, he considers himself as absence of the field; this is because the field is missing where he is standing. Wherever he is in the field, he displaces and occupies the part of the field that is missing (not visible). According to the poet, he divides the air when he walks. In other words, he disturbs the nature.

Concrete Cat - Dorthi Charles

Using reduced language, the poet Dorthi Charles in her poem “Concrete Cat” presents a picture of a eat in victorious mood has recently killed a mouse. Opposite to general poetry that activates the readers emotionally with the help of words and sentences, the poet uses words to create general appearance of cat. In order to give perfect impression for the victorious cat, she uses capital letters in certain words. By using capital A in ear, she indicates the upright pointed ears of the cat in alterness. Capital Y in eye shows that the eyes are open and vigilant. Capital U in mouth indicates cat’s tongue which is likely to lick the eatables in the dish. Leaving spaces between the letters in tail, the poet wants to suggest that the spaces show the black colour of the tail which is waving. The mouse which is upside down is the latest killing of the cat. By replacing dishes and litter boxes near the cat, the poet indicates that the cat isn’t a wild cat but a domestic one.

Unchopping a Tree - W.S. Merwin

 WS Merwin in his essay “Unchopping a Tree” directs us to unchop a chopped down tree to make us realize the difficulty involved in this process. Giving pseudo direction, the writer makes un aware that unstopping a chopped down tree is an impossible task thereby appealing us to be wise and preserve the nature.


A tree has recently been chopped down, so the writer directs us to indulge ourselves to unchop the tree. He directs us to collect the leaves, twigs and put them to their original places. We should also repair the bird nests, spider webs, beehives and neighbouring trees damaged by the fall. It is very difficult to keep the fallen tree upright with the help of tackles and scaffoldings. Even being paying extreme care, there is possibility of snapping away some leaves and twigs. After keeping the trunk upright, we should put back all the splinters scattered around to their own places.

Jul 29, 2012

The Nightmare Life Without Fuel - Isaac Asimov

Isaac Asimov in his essay ‘The Nightmare Life Without Fuel’ depicts the horrible state of the world after the fuel is finished from the world. Showing the case of prosperous America which turns into a dark state of pre-industrial age because of fuel crisis, the writer draws our attention towards the vital need of preservation of fuel to avoid future crisis.

The writer assumes twenty years advance in time when the fuel is finished from the world. Because of fuel crisis, no vehicles are plying on the road making it very difficult for people to transport goods and to move to their destination. Being dangerous, nuclear fusion and fission to generate electricity is not being materialized. Being too expensive, solar batteries and other sources of energy are not being used.

Jul 28, 2012

The Poplar Field - William Cowper

William Cowper in his poem “The Poplar Field” shows us the link between human happiness with nature and appeals us to preserve it in order to keep ourselves happy.

The poplars which grew along the river Ouse have now been chopped down. The cooling shade the trees, the whistling sound made by the air while passing through the leaves and the image of poplars in the river Ouse are no longer there. Twelve years ago, when the poet first visited the place, he enjoyed the melodious songs of the black bird sitting under the cold shade of poplar. The poet is very sad now because he isn’t being able to hear the sweet songs of black buried anymore as the bird has flown away in search of shelter.

The Three Day Blow - Ernest Hemingway

"The three day Blow" is a story with an analogy between three day blow and the mental ordeal of the protagonist Nick. The story, which is written by an American writher Ernest Hemingway, traces a movement form conflict, through the separation and suffering to reconciliation. It conveys the fullness of a formal ritual.

It is the story of Nick Wemedge who intended to marry Marjorie. In order to get married with her, it was necessary for him to be back at home to find a job and earn money. That was his original plan in the beginning and later he decided to stay in Charlevoix all winter so that he could be near Marge. He made a plan to go to Italy with her, visiting different places while having a lot of fun together. Unfortunately they had to break away and his plans went astray.

Jul 27, 2012

Look at a Teacup - Patricia Hampl

“Look at a teacup” is a complicated essay with a great deals of hidden meaning to be read in between the lines. The essay abounds with rich as well as vivid description of china dishes especially tea cups and scattered information about the writer’s parents, her relation with mother and her views.

 As for the tea cups, they were made in Czechoslovakia and bought in 1939 by her mother. These cups which have been given to the author have a tiny “Czechoslovakia” stamped on the bottom. Each piece is thin and transparent having the palest water-green shade. One can see thin bands of gold around the edges of the saucer and cup. There is also a band of gold on the inner circle of the saucer. Inside the cup, flowers are depicted in different falling altitudes. It seems that as if someone has scattered a bouquet and the flowers appear to be caught in falling motion.

A Worn Path - Eudora Welty

The story “A worn Path” is remarkable for various aspects. One of them is the mild humour connected with the character, Phoenix Jackson. Besides being strong and adventurous she is found to have a subtle sense of humour. We find it in her behavior with a white man, while she was lying in the ditch the white man pulled her out of it. There she explained that she was lying back like a June-Bug waiting to be turned over. At the same time when he asked her about her age, she pointed out that she would never tell him about it.


In addition to it, one can find out some humourous events in the story. The instance of picking the nickel that feel out of the white man’s pocket is quite humourous. In order to do so she diverted his attention to the fight of the dogs. Before that she instigated that fight. When he was away to attend the fight, she bent down with a great difficulty and care to lift the coin from there. Once she slipped the nickel in her apron pocket she spoke out her thought loudly that god would be watching her steal the coin.

Jul 26, 2012

Speaking of Children -Barbara Holland

The advantages of parents for having one child are quite obvious. One child is an appendage and it can be outnumbered by parents. It can be carried along on pleasure trips. The most important of all is the privacy, which remains intact. On the contrary, plural children will be the end of advantages and the beginning of disadvantages. They will be counter-culture in the house and the parents will be outnumbered. There will be no place left in the living room because of the toys all over. Long pleasure trips will be shortened.The parents will be obliged to adjust themselves according to new situation. First priority will have to be given to the children and their matters.The house will be at sixes and sevens. Above all, there will be no privacy for the wife and the husband.

My Heart Leaps up When I Behold - William Wordsworth

The poem “My heart Leaps up when I behold” is written by William Wordsworth and English poet and worshipper of nature and simplicity. The poem is based on the recollection of the poet’s childhood experience and feelings that bear the stamp of continuity.

The poem deals with the spontaneous overflow of those powerful feelings and joys as felt by the heart of the poet in his childhood and manhood at the sight of a rainbow in the sky and the poet hopes to feel the same in the old age.

Jul 25, 2012

Purgatory - William Butler Yeats

The old man was born in the ruined house. His mother was an aristocratic woman who fell in love with a groom and married him despite the opposition from her family. The old man’s mother died while giving birth to him. She didn’t know that her husband wasted all her money on alcohol, women and playing cards. The old man’s father destroyed the spirit of the house by doing wrong things. The old man wasn’t sent to school but was taught by a priest and by the wife of a servant. On being complained by his son that he had not sent him to school, he told him that he didn’t deserve to go to school because he was the son of an unmarried, low class woman. When the old man was sixteen years old, his father burnt down the house when he was drunk. Therefore, he stabbed his father to death with a knife which he kept using for cutting food. He was not arrested for the crime because it was impossible to prove that his father’s body had been stabbed to death as it was burnt very badly. After the murder, he ran away from the house and became a peddler.

The Tell-Tale Heart - Edgar Alan Poe

Edgar Alan Poe in his story The Tell-Tale Heart shows the mystery of murder keeping the readers in great suspense up to end of the story. The narrator is very sensitive to hearing and denies the allegation of being as he is capable of telling his own story beautifully.


The narrator was sharing a house with an old man keeping a very good relationship with him. He badly disliked the pale blue vulture like eyes of the old man which disturbed him very much. To get rid of the eye of the old man, finally he decided to kill him. He entered into the room of the old man with an aim to kill him for 7 nights. However, he came back each time without killing him because he found the vulture like eyes of old man closed. Since only the eye of the old man stimulates his anger, he couldn’t kill the old man because he didn’t see the eyes of the old man.